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English                                    Russian

The decoration of Military Order, usually called "George Cross" was established in 1807 by Russian Emperor Alexander I. The purpose of this order was decoration of low ranks of army & navy for the deeds & courage in wartime. One could deserve "Egoriy" only with true courage & fearlessness in fight. The decorated wore it on his chest in front of all medals with the ribbon of regular orange & black stripes of St.George colour. The order was a cross with the equilateral lobes broadening at the end & central round medallion. The obverse medallion showed St.George striking a dragon with a spear, the reverse medallion had monograms of S & G. Cross lobes were clear on obverse, the reverse had a number which was cavalier's number at Capitul lists of Military Order Decorations. After cavalier's death, the cross was returned to the Capitul for re-melting or another decoration. Among low ranks it was the most honorary & respectful decoration which was not taken off even at promotion into officer rank & officer wore it with honour together wit other officer decorations. Military Order was the most democratic decoration for low ranks since it could be given irrespectively the title, class, & in some cases the people to be decorated were elected by company or battalion vote. Decorated with military order low ranks got life pension & were free of corporal punishment as well as they used a number of privileges fixed by the statute. During its more than a century history, the statute of Military Order Decoration underwent some changes especially in 1856 & 1913.

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